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GDPR Basics

Tagged with GDPR HELP, GDPR ADVICE, GDPR BASICS, GDPR
by Adam Brogden
in Blog

24-Apr-2019 11:41

We get asked complicated questions every day by countless companies about how GDPR applies to them. Some are so tricky we have to refer back to the regulations for help! However, most questions can be answered by just referring to the most basic GDPR principles.

The following has been copied from the ICO website and will help you. When you come up with GDR questions just bear these principles in mind. Take a look at Article 52, this is the one that makes you responsible and accountable for everything!

If this doesn’t help feel free to call us.

Good luck all.




From ICO:

Article 5 of the GDPR sets out seven key principles which lie at the heart of the general data protection regime.

Article 5(1) requires that personal data shall be:

  1. processed lawfully, fairly and in a transparent manner in relation to individuals (‘lawfulness, fairness and transparency’);

  2. collected for specified, explicit and legitimate purposes and not further processed in a manner that is incompatible with those purposes; further processing for archiving purposes in the public interest, scientific or historical research purposes or statistical purposes shall not be considered to be incompatible with the initial purposes (‘purpose limitation’);

  3. adequate, relevant and limited to what is necessary in relation to the purposes for which they are processed (‘data minimisation’);

  4. accurate and, where necessary, kept up to date; every reasonable step must be taken to ensure that personal data that are inaccurate, having regard to the purposes for which they are processed, are erased or rectified without delay (‘accuracy’);

  5. kept in a form which permits identification of data subjects for no longer than is necessary for the purposes for which the personal data are processed; personal data may be stored for longer periods insofar as the personal data will be processed solely for archiving purposes in the public interest, scientific or historical research purposes or statistical purposes subject to implementation of the appropriate technical and organisational measures required by the GDPR in order to safeguard the rights and freedoms of individuals (‘storage limitation’);

  6. processed in a manner that ensures appropriate security of the personal data, including protection against unauthorised or unlawful processing and against accidental loss, destruction or damage, using appropriate technical or organisational measures (‘integrity and confidentiality’).”

Article 5(2) adds that:

“The controller shall be responsible for, and be able to demonstrate compliance with, paragraph 1 (‘accountability’).”

For more detail on each principle, please read the relevant page of this guide.




Why are the principles important?

The principles lie at the heart of the GDPR. They are set out right at the start of the legislation, and inform everything that follows. They don’t give hard and fast rules, but rather embody the spirit of the general data protection regime - and as such there are very limited exceptions.

Compliance with the spirit of these key principles is therefore a fundamental building block for good data protection practice. It is also key to your compliance with the detailed provisions of the GDPR.

Failure to comply with the principles may leave you open to substantial fines. Article 83(5)(a) states that infringements of the basic principles for processing personal data are subject to the highest tier of administrative fines. This could mean a fine of up to €20 million, or 4% of your total worldwide annual turnover, whichever is higher.